All the education documents are public Information under RTI act:Central Information Commission


In the judgement Subhash Chandra Tyagi v. CBSE in Appeal No. CIC/SA/A/2016/001451, Central information commision told that all the education documents are public information under Right to information act (RTI act).Education degree


In para 16 of the judgement Central Information commision worte as under:

Commission holds and declares that academic/educational qualifications at land mark  stages like 10th class, Intermediate, Graduation, Post  Graduation or Ph.D.  and  clearing  of every annual examination, which promotes the student  into next year,are the  public  documents.If a student is  suspected to have  manipulated  his  promotion  from   one  to next year, another  has every right to seek  its  verification  and  it is  the  duty of the public academic body to  clear the apprehension  and take necessary action, if  apprehension  is  proved correct.  If educational  details  are protected as personal  information,  it  leaves  lot of scope formanipulation,  corruption  and  misrepresentation. It is  in  larger  public  interest, we need to avoid it. To prevent  cheating, the transparency is the proper method. 

In para 14 commision quote about Indian evidece act: How can a graduate consider his degree as private and personal information, and why it
should be considered as someone’s personal data. There is no basis for such understanding.If BA degree is a requirement for studying MA, the student who wants to study MA has to
prove that he graduated. If he does not have that qualifying degree and manipulates to  secure admission MA, every genuine graduate has a right to doubt the admission and to  demand the disclosure of graduation details. For higher education or employment,  he has to reveal his details of education details. If a candidate wants to treat the patients  as doctor he has to prove medical graduation. Every person has a right to know  genuineness of his degree or education.Hence, all the qualifying examinations and degrees are public information and every member of public shall have access to it. The right to information was available in its rudimentary  form in Section 76 of Indian Evidence Act, 1875: 
Section 76 says: Every public officer having the custody of a public document, which
any person has a right to inspect, shall give that person on demand a copy of it on
payment of the legal fees therefore, together with a certificate written at the foot of such
copy that it is a true copy of such document or part thereof, as the case may be, and
such certificate shall be dated and subscribed by such officer with his name and his
official title, and shall be sealed, whenever such officer is authorized by law to make
use of a seal; and such copies so certified shall be called certified copies. 
Section   74  of   Evidence   Act,   gave   list   of   “public   documents”:  “(1)   The   following documents are public documents: (i) of the sovereign authority, (ii) of official  bodies and tribunals, and (iii) of public officers, legislative, judicial and executive, of any  part of India or of the Commonwealth, or of a foreign country; (2) public records kept in  India or private documents.”


If educational details are protected as personal information, it leaves lot of scope for manipulation, corruption and misrepresentation, the Commission observed.

Therefore,Information of education document is public document under Right to information act,2005.

Read and download the Judegment from link below the article.CIC_SA_A_2016_001451_M_192254

Download the Judgment here: Click here for Free download

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